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Pre AP Summer Work

 

2019-2020 PAP Biology Work

Assignment One:Leaf Collection Project!!

Due: 1st day of School Fall 2019 

Pre-Ap Biology Summer Leaf Collection project: 150 points possible

Arkansas is a heavily forested state, over half of the state is covered with trees, 1.8 million acres plus.  The climate and soils of Arkansas support a great variety of trees, both conifer and deciduous.  Forestry is one of Arkansas’ most important industries, from the timber industry, to recreation, as well as providing habitats for wild life and hunting activities.

 Fifty percent of the Arkansas population enjoy outdoor activities. $1.6 billion in economic activity for our state is generated by sportsmen; and wildlife watchers add another $26 million to the Arkansas economy. The timber industry pumps 115 million dollars in to our state and local tax base annually, provides tens of thousands of jobs to citizens of the state and ships over 8 billion dollars’ worth of Arkansas wood products worldwide each year.

Leaf collecting is a good way to learn the trees native to our state along with their growing conditions. This leaf collection will also help you to learn leaf margins, shapes, and venations and how to identify trees. You will learn the common names as well as the Genus species name.

Materials needed: You provide

  • 3 ring binder- doesn’t have to be new, use an old one 1-1.5 inch is large enough.
  • Plastic page protectors
  • Construction paper
  • Note cards
  • Glue
  • Pen/Sharpie
  • 25 different species of tree leaves- 50 leaves total

MATERIALS PROVIDED BY INSTRUCTOR:

                Starter kit:

  1. 10 sheets of black construction paper
  2. 3 page protectors
  3. Sample pictures of correct mounting of leaves
  4. Two note cards
  5. A large ziplock bag for you collected leaves prior to mounting the leaf on the construction paper.
  6. List of approved Arkansas native trees and their scientific name for you to collect from.

Instructions:

  • Collect 25 different species of tree leaves, you will collect two good examples of leaves from each tree. So you will have 2 leaves of the same species.
  • Glue the collected leaves on to the construction paper, on leaf will be glued with the upper surface of the leaf showing and the other leaf will be glued bottom surface of the leaf showing. If the leaf is too large to fit two on the paper you will glue the second leaf on to another sheet of paper.
  • Glue a lined 3”X5” note card to the very bottom right hand corner of the construction paper.
  • Use black in to write the information, do not mark out or white out mistakes, rewrite the notecard.
  • On the note card include the following information in this exact order:
    • Top line-Common name
    • Next line- Genus species name- the Genus is Capitalized the species is lowercase and the complete name is underlined.
    • Next line- Shape
    • Next line- Margin
    • Next line- Base
    • Next line -Venation of your leaf
    • Next line -whether it is a simple or compound leaf
    • Next line- is it deciduous or coniferous
    • Next line- the most common use of the tree: List 2-3 common uses
    • Next line- the location where the leaf was collected
    • Next line- the date the sample was taken
  • Let the glue and the leaf dry at least overnight
  • Place the paper with the leaf and the note card in to the clear protective sheet cover
  • Place in the binder
  • Include these instruction in the binder on page 3 of the binder
  • Page one of your binder will be a cover sheet with your Name, Date, Course, and Title of project.

Requirements:

  1. Only Native Arkansas trees may be used
  2. Leaves must be in perfect condition without damage or tears, do not turn in leaves with mold on them.
  3. No fruit trees such as apple, pear, orange, plum, peach, etc. are allowed.
  4. Place the following leaves in your collection first and in this order:
    1. Sweet gum
    2. American sycamore
    3. Pine
    4. Flowering dogwood
    5. Redbud
    6. Ash
    7. Persimmon
    8. Eastern Red Cedar
    9. Red or Silver maple
    10. Hickory
    11. Pecan
    12. Red Oak
    13. Post Oak
    14. Elm
  5. The remaining 11 leaf species you collect must be trees that are native to Arkansas.
  6. Do not include more than 6 oaks in your collection.
  7. FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS COMPLETELY, NO EXCEPTIONS!
  8. THE DUE DATE IS FIRM, NO EXCEPTIONS!

Assignment Two: Greek and Latin root word investigation: due the first day of school in August 2019

 Root word investigation – Research each root word write definition - 50 pts

The main reason students find it difficult to understand science is because of all the hard to write, spell and read words. Actually, scientific vocabulary is a mix of small words that are linked together to have different meanings. If you learn the meanings of the little words, you'll find scientific vocabulary much easier to understand. Find the mean to the following Greek/Latin root words.

 

 

Word

Meaning

a- / an-

 

meso-

 

leuco-

 

aero-

 

anti-

 

amphi-

 

aqua- / hydro-

 

arthro-

 

auto-

 

bi- / di-

 

bio-

 

cephal-

 

chloro-

 

chromo-

 

-cide

 

cyto-

 

derm-

 

haplo-

 

ecto- / exo-

 

endo-

 

epi-

 

gastro-

 

-genesis

 

herba-

 

hetero-

 

homo-

 

ov-

 

kary-

 

neuro-

 

soma-

 

saccharo-

 

primi-/ archea-

 

-phyll

 

Word

Meaning

hemo-

 

hyper-

 

hypo-

 

intra-

 

-itis

 

lateral

 

-logy

 

-lysis

 

-meter

 

mono-

 

morph-

 

micro-

 

macro-

 

multi- / poly-

 

-path / -pathy

 

-ped /-pod

 

phago-

 

-phobia

 

-philia

 

proto-

 

photo-

 

pseudo-

 

-stasis

 

sub-

 

sym- / -syn

 

-synthesis

 

-taxis

 

-troph

 

-tropism

 

-therm

 

tri-

 

zoo-, -zoa

 

zyg- / -zygous

 

 

 

Using Root words to define unknown words

Once you have completed the above root word table, use it to develop a SIMPLE definition, in your own words, for each of the following terms:

1. Hydrology ________________________________________________________________

2. Cytolysis  ________________________________________________________________

3. Protozoa__________________________________________________________________

4. Epidermis _________________________________________________________________

5. Spermatogenesis  __________________________________________________________

6. exoskeleton_______________________________________________________________

7. Abiotic  ___________________________________________________________________

8. Pathogen  ________________________________________________________________

9. pseudopod  _______________________________________________________________

10. Hemophilia  ______________________________________________________________

11. Endocytosis  ____________________________________________________________

12. herbicide  ________________________________________________________________

13. Anaerobic  _______________________________________________________________

14. Bilateral  _________________________________________________________________

15. autotroph  _______________________________________________________________

16. Monosaccharide __________________________________________________________

17. Arthropod  _______________________________________________________________

18. Polymorphic ______________________________________________________________

19. Hypothermia  _____________________________________________________________

20. Biogenesis _______________________________________________________________

 

You will have a Test on these words and the above root words on the first Friday of class.